Groundbreaking Sumerian Discovery: A Civilization-Preserving Breakthrough

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4 min readNov 21, 2023

The latest excavations in Girsu, an ancient Sumerian city, revealed remains of an exceptionally innovative technology. It was meant to supply water to arid lands and enhance agriculture.

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The Sumerians are considered the creators of one of the first advanced civilizations. They inhabited the areas between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, present-day Iraq and Syria. Their homeland, Mesopotamia, also known as Sumer, emerged nearly 6,000 years ago.

Sumerian Technological Innovation

Much of the subsequent development in Eurasia owes itself to Sumerian inventions. Their technological innovations in agriculture, soil cultivation, and water management continue to astound scientists. Among their inventions was the plow.

During recent excavations in the ancient city of Girsu, located in southern Iraq, archaeologists unearthed evidence of another Sumerian achievement. Researchers from the British Museum, leading the investigation, labeled it a “civilization-saving” device. It was a structure positioned on an artificially created canal dating back 4,000 years, intended to supply water to fertilize the soil and enhance agriculture.